Common causes of hearing loss

There are many causes of hearing loss and depending where the problem is originated in the ear, there are solutions to successfully correct or improve most types of hearing problems.

The hearing loss can be hereditary or can be a trigger from external factors such as exposure to loud noise, injuries, or for internal factors like aging, infections, ototoxic medicines or tumors that affect the ear. 

Know the common hazards for your hearing and how to prevent them:

Recreational Noise Exposure or Loud Noise exposure at Work:

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Activities where the noise can exceed 85dB can produce a progressive hearing deterioration.

The following are examples where you might be at risk of having hearing loss due to loud noise exposure, depending on the actual sound level you are exposed to, and for how long you are exposed:

  • Listening to music through headphones or earbuds
  • Attending music concerts
  • Mowing the lawn
  • Driving a car on the highway with the windows open
  • Playing a musical instrument
  • Participating as a member of a band or orchestra
  • Use of firearms for hunting or target practice without appropriate protection.
  • Working with machinery with noise above 85dB.

Educate your children on the negative impact of playing electronic games with loud noise for long periods of time.

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How to prevent the negative effects of loud noise in the hearing:

  • Limit the time that you are exposed to loud noise
  • Wear ear protection when possible.
  • Listen to music in levels that are comfortable for you and others
  • Use filtered musician plugs if you play instruments daily.
  • Be far from loudspeakers at concerts or restaurants with live music
  • Do not purchase toys with excessive loud noises for your children.  LEARN MORE

Foreign bodies in the ear

Do not insert anything into your ears that can create a scratch in the ear canal or can damage your eardrum. Be careful when using cotton buds as they can be inserted too far inside and can create an eardrum perforation or push the wax further inside the ear. You should clean your ear with some water while you are taking a shower. If you feel excessive wax in the ear, consult your doctor to have it removed. If you have had tubes inserted or you have a hole in the eardrum, you should not put any water in your ears.

Disease and infection

Children are more likely to develop ear infections that are usually bacterial in origin. Frequent colds or allergies can trigger ear infections in your child. Seek treatment as soon as possible, because if the infections aren’t treated on time, they can produce fluid in the middle ear, and an eardrum perforation in some cases. Illnesses such as measles, whooping cough and mumps can cause deafness. Parents should get information on vaccinations to prevent these illnesses.

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